Digital technology is increasingly working its way into every aspect of our daily lives, from phones to cars and from the workplace to the classroom.
Within the classroom, technology is finding one of its most productive and growing uses. It’s used more and more to support and augment students' education in ways that are evolving teaching practices.
There are, however, a few key questions involved when examining the effect of technology on education.
In terms of major educational developments, technology has found a new role in some revolutionary ways:
Digital technology allows for information to be circulated to huge numbers of people at incredible speeds. It also has a cost-saving effect when used properly, as it can reduce the need for field trips and lesson times.
This is by, for example, allowing students to remotely gather information about a given place without the need to travel there in person.
Thanks to the increased use of mobile technology such as phones, laptops and tablets. It is now possible for one lecturer to simultaneously educate hundreds and even thousands of students without any of them being in the same location.
AI is becoming increasingly useful within the classroom too, as demonstrated by the US Navy of all people. They have implemented an AI-based tutoring system named Education Dominance in an entry-level IT school in Pensacola.
This AI tutor works similarly to its human counterparts and monitors each student’s progress, providing personalised assessments and tests. Since the implementation of Education Dominance, the Navy has reported increased test scores in those using the software against those not.
As technology becomes ever-more integrated into the educational environment, the role of both the educated and the educator is changing. This could be the first major paradigm shift in education since the current lecture-style method was developed around the 13th century.
At the advent of the initial development of mobile, digital technology, it found its first use as a replacement for textbooks and handouts. This saved on paper but wasn’t exactly a revolution in teaching methods.
As technology progresses, it is allowing students to gather their own information and be more responsible for the research aspect of their education. Previously, education methods have been focused on teachers and outdated textbooks providing students with information. Without necessarily showing them how to apply it or to think critically.
This means the role of teachers is no longer to provide a spout of information. But rather to direct students’ research and encourage them to process the information they gather and how to apply it.
This is known as ‘blended learning'. This involves a mixture of online and face-to-face teaching. This also leads to changes in the way that schools allocate space. As the traditional classroom is becoming more redundant and more money and space are being allocated to open research environments.
This can lead to reduced costs for schools too but faces some issues regarding the effect of screen time. A survey conducted by Common Sense Media shows that 66% of parents feel their teens spend too much time on devices, and 52% of kids agree.
However, one of the major benefits of this style of learning is that it allows students to learn at their own pace. Without being left behind by the rest or holding others behind as the teacher adapts to cater for them.
This should lead to all students achieving a more equalised standard of learning that is only possible through the use of technology.
Technology is leading to a more personalised and comprehensive style of education which adapts the roles of students and teachers. In theory, this can lead to a higher quality of education at a potentially reduced cost.
It’s yet to be categorically proven that technology is improving education. The theory is there, and the changes are already happening.